How Many Calories Should I Consume Per Hour?

By Shawn Dolan PhD, RD, CSSD The primary reason to consume calories during endurance exercise is to provide carbohydrate to the working muscle and brain. This becomes increasingly important as the duration of training/competition lasts longer than 60-90 minutes due to...
Ironman Fueling Guide Using the First Endurance System

Ironman Fueling Guide Using the First Endurance System

By Shawn Dolan, PhD, RD, CSSD Ironman is a long day for everyone, regardless of whether it takes under 9 hours or more than 16 hours to finish. Most athletes experience highs and lows throughout the day. In order to minimize the low points and maximize the high...

Gluten Free. Is it a new fad diet?

By Shawn Dolan PhD, RD, CSSD What is gluten? Gluten is a storage protein in wheat, rye, barley, triticale (cross between wheat and rye), and possibly oats. Gluten consists of two proteins gliadin and glutenin. Gluten is formed when dough is made from the kneading...
The Complete Electrolyte Story

The Complete Electrolyte Story

Reviewed and Updated by ERB member Shawn Dolan, PhD, RD, CSSD: Professor in the Kinesiology Department at California State University, Long Beach.  Introduction: Electrolytes, the mineral salts that conduct the electrical energy of the body, perform a cellular...
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